The Candle Cauldron - Everything You Want to Know About Candlemaking!
  Measuring & Color Blending

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Here are two handy charts:
   Measurement conversions and equivalents to help you in measuring your candlemaking additives, and a color blending chart for mixing your own colors.


Remember: A fluid ounce is not always the same as a weighed ounce.  When using spoons to measure, be sure to use the same spoon each time, as some teaspoons or table spoons may not be exactly the same.
When weighing it is best to use an accurate digital scale or triple beam scale.

1 cup = 8 fluid ounces = 16 tablespoons = 48 teaspoons
1 pound = 16 ounces by weight
1 pound of solid wax (paraffin) = approx. 20 fluid ounces (2 & 1/2 cups)
1 lb of Soy wax = approx. 18 fluid ounces
1 lb of Beeswax = approx. 16 fluid ounces
2 cups = 1 pint
4 cups = 2 pints = 1 quart
1 ounce = 30 grams by weight
1 fluid ounce = 2 tablespoons
1 fluid ounce = 6 teaspoons
1 tablespoon = 1/2 fluid ounce
3 teaspoons = 1 tablespoon
Below are a few approximate (rounded off) percentage figures :
(these should be helpful when measuring fragrance oils)
1/2oz (by weight) to 1 pound of wax is approx. 3% 
1oz (by weight) to 1 pound of wax is approx. 6%
1 & 1/2oz (by weight) to 1 pound of wax is approx. 9%
>>> Click here for an Automatic Online Measurement Converter! <<<
When measuring by weight in percentages using 1 lb of wax as an example,  an easy way is to divide the pound of wax into ounces = 16 ounces in a lb. Then take the percentage you want and convert it to decimals, (like 20% would be .20, leaving .80 as the divider).  Divide the number of ounces (16) by the divider number and that will give you your total ounces of material. Then subtract 16 from that total ounce number, giving you the ounces for youradditive.  Here are a few commonly used percentages I've done for you:
5% = .84oz, 10% = 1.78oz, 15% = 2.82oz, 20% = 4oz, 25% = 5.33oz, 30% = 6.86oz

Here are the dividers for each percentage:
5% = .95,   10% = .90,   15% = .85,    20% = .80,   25% = .75,   30% = .70

When adding several additives, such as petro, scent oil and vybar, use the  same formula to figure the ounces for each. 
Example recipe:
20% petro, 5% scent and 1% vybar = 4oz petro, .84oz scent and .16oz vybar.  This gives you a total of  21 ounces of material, 5oz of it being additives and 16oz of it being wax (74% wax and 26% additives).



 The Basic Colors

red + yellow = orange
yellow + blue = green
blue + red = purple
red + green = brown
green + blue = teal/turquoise

*Note:  Different shades of these colors can be
achieved by the amounts you mix in your wax
(ie: less red = pink, less orange = peach, less purple = violet/lavender, less brown = cream/tan, less blue = light/sky blue, etc.)

 Complimentary Colors
The following colors when mixed evenly should give you a brown color.
When you wish to darken a color, use a small amount of it's
complimentary color listed below to darken it to the shade you desire.

orange + blue
yellow + purple
red + green

Artist's Color Wheels are a very
helpful tool for candlemakers!
Buy your Color Wheel HERE :)

Color Matters - All about colors & how they effect us!

  Color Wheel Charts

  Color Wheel Info


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Doneen St.John of The Candle Cauldron™
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